Researchers create a novel technique of bioprinting neuron cells

Credit score: Public Area

A bunch of researchers together with a Concordia Ph.D. scholar have developed a brand new technique of bioprinting grownup neuron cells. They’re utilizing a brand new laser-assisted expertise that maintains excessive ranges of cell viability and performance.

Ph.D. candidate and 2020-21 Public Scholar Hamid Orimi and his co-authors current the feasibility of a brand new bioprinting expertise they developed in a latest paper revealed within the journal Micromachines. They show how the methodology they created, known as Laser-Induced Aspect Switch (LIST), improves on present bioprinting methods through the use of bioinks of differing viscosities, permitting for higher 3D printing. Orimi, his Concordia co-supervisor Sivakumar Narayanswamy within the Gina Cody College of Engineering and Laptop Science, CRHMR co-supervisor Christos Boutopoulos and co-authors on the Université de Montréal first introduced the strategy within the Nature journal Scientific Reviews in 2020.

Orimi co-wrote the newer paper with lead writer Katiane Roversi, Sebastien Talbot and Boutopoulos at UdeM and Marcelo Falchetti and Edroaldo da Rocha at Federal College of Santa Catarina in Brazil. In it, the researchers show that the expertise can be utilized to efficiently print sensory neurons, an important element of the peripheral nervous system. This, they are saying, is promising for the long-term improvement of bioprinting’s potential, together with illness modeling, drug testing and implant fabrication.

Viable and useful

The researchers used dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons from the peripheral nervous system of mice to check their expertise. The neurons had been suspended in a bioink answer and loaded right into a sq. capillary above a biocompatible substrate. Low-energy nanosecond laser pulses had been targeted on the center of the capillary, producing microbubbles that expanded and ejected a cell-laden microjet onto the substrate beneath it. The samples had been briefly incubated, then washed and re-incubated for 48 hours.

Credit score: College of Montreal

The workforce then ran a number of exams to measure the printed cells’ capacities. A viability assay discovered that 86 % of the cells remained alive two days after printing. The researchers notice that viability charges improved when the laser used decrease vitality. The thermomechanics related to increased laser vitality use was extra more likely to harm the cells.

Different exams measured neurite outgrowth (wherein creating neurons produce new projections as they develop in response to steerage cues), neuropeptide launch, calcium imaging and RNA sequencing. General, the outcomes had been typically encouraging, suggesting that the approach might be an essential contribution to the sector of bioprinting.

Good for individuals and animals

“Generally, individuals usually leap to conclusions after we speak about bioprinting,” Orimi says. “They suppose that we are able to now print issues like human organs for transplants. Whereas it is a long-term goal, we’re very removed from that time. However there are nonetheless some ways to make use of this expertise.”

Nearest at hand is drug discovery. The workforce hopes to get approval to proceed their analysis into cell grafting, which might help vastly in drug discovery, comparable to for nerve restoration medicines.

One other benefit to utilizing this expertise, Orimi says, is a lower in animal testing. This not solely has a humanitarian facet—fewer animals can be euthanized to hold out experiments meant to learn people—however it would additionally produce extra correct outcomes, since testing can be carried out on human, not animal, tissue.

FRESH 3-D-printing platform paves method for tissues, organs

Extra data:
Hamid Ebrahimi Orimi et al, Drop-on-demand cell bioprinting by way of Laser Induced Aspect Switch (LIST), Scientific Reviews (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-66565-x

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Researchers create a novel technique of bioprinting neuron cells (2021, September 15)
retrieved 15 September 2021

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